With this criterion the lengths of seasons can vary greatly from year to year. Expect the mercury to hover in the low to mid 20s with 25 degrees Celsius officially considered the marker of “hot” weather. In summer the mean daily temperature is consistently above 10°C. The trunks of pine trees can break under the weight of a snowloaded crown, and deciduous trees can bend permanently. The Lapland region has a subarctic to continental climate characterized by mild summers and cold, snowy winters. The country’s location in the gulf stream means its climate is much milder than some of its neighbours, and temperatures in the summer reach an average high of 17 degrees Celsius. The Finnish climate is characterized by cold, dry winters and hot summers, temperatures undergo significant seasonal variations. This is why we call Finland the Land of the Midnight Sun. The Finnish media have been giving wide coverage to the heat wave, which in other places in southern Europe (for example in Central Spain) left temperatures of up to 38 degrees. In the month of november, the mean temperature in Helsinki is 41°F (maximum temperature is 43°F and minimum temperature is 40°F). Whether you're evading the winter in the Southern Hemisphere or just want to avoid intense summer temperatures elsewhere, Finland provides the perfect temperate escape. The southern coast is Dfb (humid continental mild summer, wet all year), and the rest of the country is Dfc (subarctic with cool summer, wet all year).. North of the Arctic Circle, part of winter is the period known as the "polar night", when the sun does not rise above the horizon at all. In north, the peak flow of rivers always happens in spring, in the south 70–80% of floods happen in spring. Ursan julkaisuja 107. The highest summer temperatures in the Finnish interior are from 32°C to 35°C. Summer in Finland sees average high temperatures in the low 20s during the peak months of July and August, though occasionally tropical winds blow in hotter weather and temperatures can get into the 30s. The warmest annual average temperature in Southwestern Finland is 6.5 °C (43.7 °F). The lakes usually become ice-free soon after the growing season begins in April in southwestern Finland, in May in the interior and in June in Lapland. In Finland, it is common to have up to a 70 degree difference in temperature between January and July. During Autumn the temperature … The warm waters of the Gulf Stream and the North Atlantic Drift Current, play a big role in the climate of Norway, Sweden and Finland which continuously warm the region, if it weren't for these currents the winters in Scandinavia and Fennoscandia would be much colder. Annual Weather Averages Near Helsinki. The weather in Finland varies widely by season. The highest summer temperatures in Finland during the 2000s have varied between 30 and 33 degrees. July temperatures in Finland average 13 to 17°C. Once the mean daily temperature exceeds 5°C, the thermal growing season is considered to have begun. Warm temperatures, usually in the range of 17.8°C (64°F) to 22.2°C (72°F), are comfortable for outdoor activities. The snowload of a tree is typically 100–150 kg per one meter tree trunk, but the heaviest measured snowload of a spruce was over 3000 kilograms. around July 20, in the whole of Finland. The temperature in the hottest month and July can rise up to +30 °C (86 °F) . , Storm, defined as at least one Finnish coastal station reporting at least 21 m/s as a 10-minutes average wind speed, is observed on Finnish seas in average 19 days a year. Summer in Lapland starts about one month later and ends a month earlier than the south coast. The Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Eurasian continent to the east interact to modify the climate of the country. From there the temperature decreases gradually towards north and east. Summer usually begins in late May in southern Finland and lasts until mid-September. The average summertime temperature is 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius). It's a reasonable temperature. In the south, maximum flow happens in mid-April, in the north, in mid-May.. The best time and weather to travel to Finland 2020. Even so, according to the tabloid Ilta Sanomat , many Finns regret these days of having booked their holidays abroad at the beginning of this summer, which began to be much colder. The month with the most daylight is June.  The Barents Sea between Finland and the North Pole is open even in winter, so northerly airflows are not as cold as in Siberia or Alaska.. Autumns are dark and rainy. In severe winters, the Baltic Sea may ice over almost completely, but in mild winters it remains open except for the far ends of the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland. It may not be what you first imagine when planning a trip to this Nordic country, but Finland in summer offers countless opportunities for adventure, beauty, and fun. You will find the highest temperatures inland, and especially Setesdal is famous for its record high temperatures. The warmest month is July, when the daytime temperature often rises over 20°C. Only on the south coast and the southwest is summer as long as winter. Even in southern Finland, the longest day (around Midsummer) is nearly 19 hours long. Download past weather observations for free! The best time of year to visit Helsinki in Finland. , Snowmelt contributes to spring floods. You can select the map of other dates from the drop-down list. Winter snow usually begins to fall in Helsinki in early December (in Lapland it can fall as early as October) and in the winter the temperature can drop to -30 °C. Finland's many lakes and the gulfs of Bothnia and Finland help give the country a relatively mild climate. Visiting Finland in summer. In Finland summer weather fades into autumn as August comes to an end, and the changeover to winter weather takes place fairly quickly in November and December. In the month of july, the mean temperature in Helsinki is 67°F (maximum temperature is 72°F and minimum temperature is 61°F). The lakes freeze over in late November and early December. The long winter causes about half of the annual 500 to 600 millimetres (19.7 to 23.6 in) precipitation in the north to fall as snow. The center-north of Sweden is characterized by long, freezing winters and short, mild summers. Heat waves, with a maximum daily temperature exceeding 25°C, occur on an average of 10 to 15 days per summer inland in southern and central Finland, and 5 to 10 days in northern Finland and on the coast. Only on the south coast and the southwest is summer as long as winter. The lowest temperature recorded at any weather station in Finland as of 2010 is -51.5°C (1999). In Southern Finland, the average temperature in the summer is about 20°C while the temperature in the north is about 15°C. Averages are for Helsinki Malmi Airport, which is 7 miles from Helsinki. Here are some average weather facts we collected from our historical climate data: During the month of June and July you are most likely to experience good weather with pleasant average temperatures that fall between 20 degrees Celsius (68°F) and 25 … In spring, the mean daily temperature rises from 0°C to 10°C. Situated in the extreme north of Europe, Finland is a kind of cool temperate climate, relatively mild, compared to its geographical position. The surface waters of lakes across Finland are significantly warmer than usual for this time of year. Finland is receiving the brunt of global warming, as temperatures across the Nordic country climb faster than anywhere else in the world. The annual average temperature is relatively high in the southwestern part of the country (5.0 to 7.5 °C or 41.0 to 45.5 °F), with quite mild winters and warm summers, and low in the northeastern part of Lapland (Finland) (0 to −4 °C or 32 to 25 °F). With 2.6in over 11 days, you will experience some showers during your vacations. Dieser Lage im hohen Norden entspricht das Klima. , The first snow cover is observed on average in September in Lapland, and in November in Southern and western areas. It is natural to distinguish seasons using a thermal criterion, with seasons defined by the daily mean temperatures of 0°C and 10°C. The coldest day of winter is usually well after the winter solstice, at the end of January everywhere except the maritime islands and coastal regions, where the slower cooling of the sea delays the coldest period until the beginning of February. Whole year UV Index table for Finland ☀ Water Temperature in localities in Finland Weather phenomena recorded in previous years in Finland ☃ Long-term 30 day weather forecast for Finland ☔ Finland month-by-month travel guide to weather conditions and best times to visit. This criterion was met in June 1999 (22 hot days), July 2003 (27 hot days) and August 2002 (26 hot days). Precipitation in the south amounts to about 600 to 700 millimetres (23.6 to 27.6 in) annually. On average, winter lasts from early January to late February in the outermost islands in the archipelago and the warmest locations along the southwestern coast – notably in Hanko, and from early October to mid May in the most elevated locations, such as northwestern Lapland and the lowest valleys in northeastern Lapland. The ice is thickest in early April, at about 50 to 65 cm. The regions north of the Arctic Circle are characterized by "polar days", when the sun does not set at all. Finland is one of the few countries in the world whose surface area is still expanding. For the real growing season to begin the snow must melt; this depends on the amount of snow, elevation and the position of the region relative to the sea. “It will be a close call whether we get an air front similar to the one we had in Finland in July 2010, during which the temperature record of 37.2ºC was set in Liperi [North Karelia],” he said. The northernmost parts of Finland have 73 such days every year. Finland in summer / kostiolavi. Normal summer temperature is a bit over 20 degrees. Evenings and nights are bright in Finland during the summer, as the sun sets late and rises early. The most common wind direction in Finland is from southwest, but the low pressure areas typical for these latitudes cause great variations in wind speed and direction. Lapland usually sees temperatures around 20°C With the onset of climate change, Finland is seeing warmer summers every year. Open areas lose their snow cover within two to three weeks of the beginning of spring, whereas on average the snow in the forest smelts about two weeks later. In the southern parts of the country it is never really dark either, just a period of twilight for a few hours. This means that southern portions of the country are snow-covered about three to four months of the year, and the northern for about seven months. Three out of four summers have at least one extremely hot day when the temperature is over 86°F (30°C). In summer the mean daily temperature is consistently above 10°C. The northernmost parts of Finland have 73 such days every year. In the northernmost corner of Finland, the polar night lasts for 51 days. Das Land wird von zwei Klimazonen beeinflusst: einerseits dem maritimen Klima im Westen und Südwesten, andererseits demkontinentalen Klima im Osten und Norden. It thus takes about two months for winter to proceed from Lapland to Åland. Thus the average length of the growing season is 180 days in the southwestern archipelago, 140 to 175 days elsewhere in southern and central Finland and 100 to 140 days in Lapland. Many head to their lakeside cottages to swim, barbecue, fish and sail. The snow cover is deepest around mid-March, with an average of 60 to 90 cm of snow in eastern and northern Finland and 20 to 30 cm in southwestern Finland. During the peak travel season, December to February, the region experiences an average temperature range of about - 16 °C (3 °F) to 3 °C (37 °F) depending on location, with occasional lows of about - 30 °C (-22 °F) or colder with wind chill. Trotz der nördlichen Lage gibt es angesichts der maritimen Einflüsse vergleichsweise milde Sommer. At Finland's northernmost point, the sun does not set for 73 consecutive days during summer, and does not rise at all for 51 days during winter, when the Aurora Borealis illuminates the sky. The climate of Finland is influenced most by its latitude: Finland is located between 60 and 70 N. Because of Finland's northern location, winter is the longest season. The highest temperature ever recorded is 37.2 °C (99.0 °F) (Liperi, July 29, 2010). Summer, from June to August, is the best season to visit Finland. The climate is quite cold in this city in the month of november. Like much of the country, Helsinki experiences long summer days and very low sun during the winter. Climate in Finland in november Climate in Helsinki in november. In the summer, it gets as hot as 30 degrees Celsius, sometimes even more. Helsingissä: Ursa, 2008. http://ilmatieteenlaitos.fi/lampotilaennatyksia, "Map of climate classifications of Europe and Middle East", "Mercury Hits All Time Record of 37.2 Degrees", "Elokuun lämpöennätys tarkentui: 33,8 astetta", "Marraskuun lämpöennätys meni taas rikki: Ahvenanmaalla 16,6 astetta", "Snow accumulation and snowmelt in Finland", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_of_Finland&oldid=991510097, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 13:08. Observations are subject to final quality control by the FMI after publication. The climate of Finland is influenced most by its latitude: Finland is located between 60 and 70 N. Because of Finland's northern location, winter is the longest season. (Helsinki, Uusimaa, Southern Finland, Finland) Helsinki's climate is generally described as both maritime and continental, with warm to hot summer weather and particularly chilly winter months. Finnland ist eines der nördlichsten europäischen Länder und erstreckt sich zwischen dem 60. und 70. Download past weather observations for free. Permanent snow covers open grounds about two weeks after winter begins. Westerly winds bring the warm air currents into the Baltic areas and to the country's shores, moderating winter temperatures, especially in the south and southwest in cities like Helsinki and Turku where winter highs tend to be between 0 and 5 °C (32 and 41 °F) but a cold snap like the one that occurred in mid-January 2016 can cause temperatures to plunge well below −20 °C (−4 °F). The climate of Finland has characteristics of both maritime and continental climate. Summer in Finland is moderately warm weather, in the afternoon the air temperature ranges from +19-21 °C (66-70 °F) , and July is the "hottest" month of the year. Along the coast, a cool sea breeze will often refresh you. Like that of the north, it occurs all through the year, though not so much of it is snow. Summer usually begins in late May in southern Finland and lasts until mid-September. The annual average for hot days is 35. The highest temperature ever recorded was on July 29th, 2010, when 35°C was exceeded in several places (the maximum being 37.2°C in Joensuu). Finland −51.5 °C (−60.7 °F) Kittilä, Lapland: 28 January 1999: 37.2 °C (99.0 °F) Liperi: 29 July 2010: 88.7 °C (159.7 °F) France −36.7 °C (−34.1 °F) Mouthe, Doubs 13 January 1968: 46.0 °C (114.8 °F) Vérargues, Hérault: 28 June 2019: 87.0 °C (156.6 °F) Germany −45.9 °C (−50.6 °F) In southern Finland, the shortest day is about 6 hours long. By contrast, the continental high pressure system situated over the Eurasian continent counteracts the maritime influences, occasionally causing severe winters and high temperatures in the summer. Then, Northern Finland has more daylight hours than Southern Finland. Strong winds are most frequent between October and January. The best time to visit Finland is from June to mid-August in the summer. July is the hottest month in Helsinki with an average temperature of 16.5°C (62°F) and the coldest is February at -5.5°C (22°F). In the course of the summer, thunderstorms occur on 8 to 14 days in the interior and 4 to 8 days in coastal areas and northern Lapland. So können in Südfinnland, zum Beispiel in der Hauptstadt Helsinki, durc… Convert meteorological units easily with our Unit converter. The wettest month is August with an average of 90mm of rain. Do not forget to take with you warm clothes! , In Köppen climate classification Finland belongs to the Df group (continental subarctic or boreal climates). In autumn the daily mean temperature remains below 10°C. In Finland, Midsummer, the night of th… Climate data and weather averages in Helsinki. The climate good in that locality in july. Summer in Lapland starts about one month later and ends a month earlier than the south coast. The summer months in Finland are June, July and August. The city also experiences a heat island effect, which results in slightly higher temperatures.  The lowest, −51.5 °C (−60.7 °F) (Kittilä, January 28, 1999). Autumn begins around the last week of August in northern Finland and about one month later in southwestern Finland. If you need more information about Finnish climate or weather, send us an email at: If you wish to order climate data, please read through the instructions related to data requests. These winds, because of clouds associated with weather systems accompanying the westerlies, also decrease the amount of sunshine received during the summer. , Snow and supercooled droplets can accumulate in tree crowns and cause damage to trees. The warmest day of the year comes about one month Midsummer, i.e. The sea and large lakes slow down the progress of winter. This takes place about one month after the beginning of spring: at the end of April in southern Finland and at the end of May in northernmost Lapland. Permanent snow cover time starts typically around Christmas in the Southwestern corner, but before mid-November in most of Lapland. In Finnish Lapland a single summer day lasts for over two months. The coldest temperatures in winter are from -45°C to -50°C in Lapland and eastern Finland; from -35°C to -45°C elsewhere; and -25°C to -35°C over islands and coastal regions. The growing season ends in autumn when the mean daily temperature drops below 5°C. Thus, spring begins a month earlier in the south than in the north. Travel weather and climate description. February is usually Finland's coldest month, with temperatures averaging from - 22 to -3°C. How warm is the Midsummer's Eve usually in Helsinki? The warme… The regions north of the Arctic Circle are characterized by "polar days", when the sun does not set at all. In southern Finland, especially on the coast, summer temperatures linger until mid-September. Breitengrad. Helsinki, Finland: Annual Weather Averages. Warm summers with plenty of sun and the famous "white nights" is the best time to travel to Finland. Temperatures are generally good for outdoor activities, hovering around 18/22 °C (64/72 °F), at least when it doesn't rain (in the evening or during rainy days it can be cooler), while it rarely gets hot, even though sometimes the mercury reaches 28/32 °C (82/90 °F). Maps change every two weeks. The Suomenselkä and Maanselkä drainage divides rise higher than the surrounding areas, and the climate there is cooler than at same latitudes elsewhere in Finland. Near the sea and over the maritime islands, temperatures over 30°C are extremely rare; the highest temperature ever recorded in Helsinki is 31.6°C. A few days register in the hot zone of 27.8°C (82°F) to 32.2°C (90°F). On average, winter lasts from early January to late February in the outermost islands in the archipelago and the warmest locations along the southwestern coast – notably in Hanko, and from early October to mid May in the most elevated locations, such as northwestern Lapland and th… A more recent study shows that mean temperature in Finland significantly (p<0.05) increased during the period 1961–2011, by an estimated 0.4 ± 0.2∘C per decade for the whole year, by 0.4 ± 0.2∘C per decade for the spring and by 0.3 ± 0.2 ∘C per decade for the summer (28). Climate in Finland in july Climate in Helsinki in july. The lowest temperature recorded in Helsinki is -34.3°C (1987). During January and February, there is almost always snow in northern and eastern Finland. Summer in Finland runs from June to August, with temperatures ranging between 15ºC and 30ºC. How much snow is there on average in Lapland during Christmas? Daily average maximum and minimum temperature and snow depth 1981-2010. Winter is the longest season in Finland, lasting for about 100 days in southwestern Finland and 200 days in Lapland. Karttunen, Hannu & Koistinen, Jarmo & Saltikoff, Elena & Manner, Olli: Ilmakehä, sää ja ilmasto. 1. This occurs around the last week of September in northern Finland and in late October or early November in southwestern Finland. Winter usually begins in mid-October in Lapland and during November in the rest of Finland, though not until December in the southwestern archipelago. We’re all set for another taste of summer over the next few days when temperatures could top +18°C in some parts of the country. In Finland, it’s a hot day when the temperature is over 77°F (25°C). Even in southern Finland, the longest day (around Midsummer) is nearly 19 hours long. The annual changes in temperature are of crucial importance for Finland's climate. Its duration ranges from 45 to 65 days, being longest in the maritime islands and coastal regions, because of the coolness of the sea. In Finland a day is called hot when the afternoon temperature is at least 25 degrees. Summer usually lasts from May to early September, and temperatures can reach up to +35 °C. The maximum snow depth is usually found around March. Mäntykannas added that it is possible that the upcoming heatwave is hotter than the one experienced last summer and could even set a new record for the highest temperature recorded ever in Finland. Spring begins in early April in Åland and the southwestern archipelago and later in April elsewhere, except for northernmost Lapland, where it does not begin until early May. In winter, the mean temperature remains below 0°C, but warm airflows can raise the daily high above 0°C at times. It’s the true definition of ‘Indian summer’ when hot weather continues into autumn. This summer has been exceptionally cool in Finland so far, but some say there are upsides to the low temperatures. “Very warm air is flowing to Finland from southwest. The best month to swim in the sea is in August when the average sea temperature is 13.°C (55°F). Finns make the most of this mild weather by taking to the great outdoors. The summer isn’t endless in Finland, but there are almost endless summer days and white nights. Daytime temperatures peak in July at around 23°C / 73°F, dropping to below freezing in the depth of winter and hovering around -2°C / 28°F in February. 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