All summer long this bushy shrub has attractive green leaves edged in creamy-white, adding sparkle and color to any part of your garden.Then in fall and winter the bare stems glow, with rich red bark that really makes them stand out against snow or evergreens. In leaves, chlorophyll produces the varying shades of green color. Veins are parallel and follow the elliptical shape of the leaf. When planted in the shade the green pigmentation will take over the leaf and soon the variegation will begin to disappear. Once the tree is bare and all of the flowers, berries, and foliage have disappeared, it still retains interest with its patterned bark. Hardiness zone: 3 to 7; Plant in full sun to part shade; Best soil properties for Tatarian dogwood: Sandy to clay soils. for 1+3, enter 4. This is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree that is native to Asia. Bright spring flowers and vibrant fall foliage Prepare your lawn for multiple seasons of exciting color with the Celestial Shadow Dogwood. Family Cornaceae . Study the variegated dogwood shrub or tree before you begin cutting. She has traveled extensively to such places as India and Sri Lanka to widen and enhance her writing and knowledge base. They are most popular among birds. Powdery mildew, an unsightly fungal infection, doesn't usually kill the tree but probably weakens it until another pest comes along and delivers the final blow. Solve this simple math problem and enter the result. Cornus kousa trees bear a sweet fruit with flesh that tastes like a tropical pudding, while Cornus mas produce fruits … Flowers appear in late spring, in clusters filled with small cream-colored flowers that measure around two inches across. The varying layers of the cell tissue of the leaf will show varying effects, which create cream- or white-colored variegation to occur, mixed with areas of the leaf that contain ample chlorophyll to maintain its green coloration. A branch that grows beneath the grafting point will have characteristics of one of the original trees used for the hybrid, rather than the hybrid dogwood itself. The old gray- or dull-colored stems should be removed at ground level each year to encourage coral-bright red new growth. Due to the variegated tree's lack of chlorophyll, the tree is the first to show brilliant fall colors each year. Dogwood trees require very little pruning. Adding a generous amount of mulch will help retain the water and cut down on watering tasks. Preparation. This tree is native to parts of Asia, including China and Japan, and is accordingly also known as Chinese dogwood and Japanese dogwood. All Rights Reserved. The foliage of this dogwood arrives in a medium shade of bright green and deepens to a dark green as it matures. These fruits are edible though they are not considered to be very tasty and are usually only consumed by birds. It thrives in partial sun, and though it can tolerate a position of full sun, it will become dense and more prone to disease. These include American dogwood, Florida dogwood, white dogwood, Indian arrowwood, white cornel, Cornelian tree, false box, and false boxwood. This tree is known for being more disease-resistant and hardier than the flowering dogwood, so it may be a good alternative to this plant if you live in a cooler region. White berries are often tinged blue or green. Cornus florida Growing and Care Guide. Small tree that grows with a tiered habit like a pagoda. It can thrive in full sun, though in hot summer climates, it prefers shade in the afternoons. This shrub tolerates heavy soils. The flower of this tree has been British Columbia's provincial flower since 1956, and a law was imposed to protect the species in this province, though it was revoked in 2002. Cultivars and Varieties: Cornus florida' Cherokee Princess', Cornus florida 'Cloud Nine', Cornus florida' Cherokee Daybreak'. Berries form on the tree in midsummer, which are a glossy cherry-like fruit in a bright shade of red. Dogwood plants are highly ornamental and can typically be grown as both trees and shrubs. They often feature attractive foliage, showy flower panicles, pretty fruits, and brightly colored stems, retaining interest all year round. The plant produces many suckers that allow it to spread to a wide shrub, but if grown as a tree, you will need to remove suckers as they appear and focus on one central stem to form the trunk of the tree. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is the species most people think of when the word dogwood is mentioned.Although it is considered one of the favorite trees in the south, there are two other species, kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa) and Cornelian cherry dogwood (Cornus mas), which will grow in all areas of South Carolina except along the coast from Charleston to Savannah, Ga. You'll want to select easy-care plants like European Variegated Dogwood (Cornus alba 'Argenteo-marginata'). The varying layers of the cell tissue of the leaf will show varying effects, which create cream- or white-colored variegation to occur, mixed with areas of the leaf that contain ample chlorophyll to maintain its green coloration. The blooms give way to berries in summer, which are pink-red and round in shape. Try to maintain the tree's overall health with regular watering. Dogwood trees do require some special care to help them thrive as they are fragile and susceptible to mechanical injuries and several insect and disease conditions. It will provide visual interest in every season and works well in the small home garden . It provides all year interest in spite of being deciduous. This type of dogwood is highly ornamental, making a colorful display that changes with the seasons. It has won several awards for its outstanding qualities. Early every spring hundreds of bright, cotton white blooms will emerge all over the tree. Adequate water will help insure the variegated dogwood maintains its health and appearance. The berries can last right through to winter on the tree unless they are feasted on by birds. Grow this tree in a well-draining soil that is kept moist. Graceful and spectacular, Cornus controversa 'Variegata' (Wedding Cake Tree) is a small deciduous tree with beautifully layered horizontal branches. Each cutting should measure 6- to 9-inches long and have three or more leaf buds. The most popular example of this tree is the 'Variegata' cultivar, which has green leaves with creamy white margins. This type of wedding cake dogwood tree is also typically around ten to twenty feet smaller than the standard wedding cake dogwood. Dogwoods grow as large, multi-stemmed shrubs or as small to moderate size trees. They have a sweet flavor and are sometimes used to produce wine. By fall, these flowers give way to red berries that look very similar to strawberries, measuring around one inch across. 7 Stunning Types of Dogwood Trees - Photos & Care Guide, Japanese Maple Tree - Care and Growing Tips, Different Types of Maple Trees with Pictures, Best Christmas Tree Farms in North Hampton, NH, Autumn Blaze Maple Tree - Growing & Care Guide, Clementine Tree Care and Propagation Tips. The tree can be pruned prior to flowering or during flowering. It is important to follow the natural shape of the plant; pruning should be done to enhance it, rather than alter it. They are widely used throughout Europe and some parts of Canada to make sauces and jams, drinks and can also be eaten dry. Provide 1 inch of water a week during the growing season. It performs well in both full sun and partial shade. Trees.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Fertilize in the spring with a well balanced 10-10-10 or 12-12-12 fertilizer. In fall, the foliage develops into attractive shades of red and purple. Cultivars and Varieties: Cornus controversa' Variegata', Cornus controversa ‘Pagoda’. They enjoy a well-draining soil that is organically rich. The undersides of the leaves have a furry texture. The foliage of the tree varies depending on variety, but leaves are usually ovate in solid bright green or variegated with a swirling mixture of green and cream. E.g. Maintain moist soil and avoid humid and very hot climates. Low limbs can be removed if they impend walkways or other areas. By mid-summer, the flowers will give way to dense clusters of berries that are usually white flushed with hints of blue. Watering: Water your dogwood on a regular basis until it is established. CARE REQUIREMENTS Pruning: Dogwood trees have a naturally attractive rounded shape, so they require little pruning unless needed for aesthetic reasons or to improve their vigor. Then unique variegated leaves will fill in. The 'Wolf Eyes' kousa dogwood has a smaller stature than most dogwoods and it has variegated green leaves with a cream border. Even partial shade will result in a less dramatic variegation appearance on the dogwood. Apply 1 inch of water per week during the summer if there is not ample rainfall, according to the National Gardening Association. Closely examine the leaves. Apply 1 inch of water per week during the summer if there is not ample rainfall, according to the National Gardening Association. Developed by the Rutgers University breeding program, this is a stable mutation (or sport) of the popular Stellar Pink® variety of dogwood tree that is the result of crossing two varieties (Cornus kousa and Cornus florida). Size of Tree: Height: 20 to 30 feet Spread: 25 to 30 feet. The stems are red and the ovate green leaves are adorned with bright creamy margins. This tree is known for being more disease-resistant and hardier than the flowering dogwood, so it may be a good alternative to this plant if you live in a cooler region. In fall through to late winter, the stems of this deciduous plant are bare, but they are a feast for the eyes in bright shades of red. A good rule of thumb is to apply 1 cup of fertilizer for every inch of diameter in the tree's trunk. The lack of chlorophyll causes leaves and buds to develop slowly. Variegated leaf varieties contain less chlorophyll than their green leafed relatives. The oval foliage of the tree is dark green, and typically each leaf measures around four inches long. This is an evergreen plant that can be grown as a tree or large shrub. Apply 2 inches of mulch around the base of the dogwood tree to keep unwanted weeds at bay and also help the soil retain water. Read on to learn more about this interesting flowering dogwood variety. As mentioned already, there are several species of dogwood trees, of which a few species are preferred for gardening and landscaping purposes. Most dogwoods want to grow with multi-trunks. Her writing has a strong focus on home improvement, gardening, parenting, pets and travel. Each flower will typically measure around four inches across and then give way to dense clusters of glossy red berries in the summer. Plant Details. This is a low maintenance tree that is easy to grow and has good resistance to pests and disease. In spring, flowers bloom along the bare branches before the arrival of foliage. When all pigments are bred out of the leaf, the color is a pure white. Fruit is blue-black. Cultivars and Varieties: Cornus kousa 'Miss Satomi', Cornus kousa' China Girl', Cornus kousa' White Fountain'. This tree grows best in well-draining soil that is kept consistently moist. It can grow in full sun or partial shade but is not heat-tolerant. The European Variegated Dogwood has a mix of cream and green foliage. Mature size is around 6-8' tall and wide. Rapidly-growing, adaptable to wet soils or dry soils, it features spectacular decorative features: stunning fall color, attractive berries, showy red stems and sometimes a lovely variegated summer foliage. The best time to prune is in the late fall or winter while the tree is dormant. Small creamy white flowers in flat clusters bloom in June. Fast-growing and adaptable, gray-green leaves emerge with an outstanding variegation that stays vibrant and interesting all summer long. Scientific Name: Cornus florida Common Name (s): Flowering Dogwood, American Box Growing Zone (USA / UK Hardiness): 5 to 9 / H5 to — 15°C. They are also popular with birds, though any berries that do not get eaten will remain on the tree right through to winter, adding a nice color contrast against the fresh green foliage. Cultivars and Varieties: Cornus capitata 'Mountain Moon'. Soil pH 5.5 to 7.0, Have your soil tested by the U of M Soil Testing Lab. They bloom in great numbers, creating an impressive floral display. Variegated dogwood shrubs should be planted from late fall to early spring, while they are dormant. They typically measure around an inch across and are edible. These bracts look like petals, and they are considered to be the flowers of the plant, although they do not technically fit this description. Grow this plant in a well-draining soil that is rich in organic content and kept consistently moist. The flower of the dogwood tree is the state flower of North Carolina. The gray bark has a crocodile skin pattern on it, which becomes more pronounced as the tree ages. Cornus alternifolia: Pagoda Dogwood. This tree flourishes in full sun, partial sun and partial shade, making it an ideal tree for almost any yard. Dogwood shrubs, such as red twig dogwoods, are not to be confused with dogwood trees. Water the tree regularly during the initial months and hot spells. Several species native to North American produce flowers for local pollinators and berries for wildlife. Variegated dogwood trees that experience stress will often show leaf scorch on the white of the variegation. Based in Oregon, Kimberly Sharpe has been a writer since 2006. This deciduous tree is native to western North America, from British Columbia in Canada down to California in the United States. In warm summer climates, this plant is much more likely to fall victim to disease. It is commonly known as the wedding cake dogwood because of the way its horizontal branches are layered on top of each other to resemble the look of a tiered wedding cake. While both shrubs and the trees belong to the same genus: Cornus, the shrubs will never become trees.There are two species of dogwood shrubs: Cornus alba, which is the Tatarian dogwood, and Cornus sericea, which is the Redosier dogwood.Both species are much alike in their cultural needs. The lower stems can be pruned away to maintain a singular trunk or allowed to grow. Wedding cake tree care for young plants should be consistent until establishment but mature variegated giant dogwood trees are quite hardy and tolerant provided they are kept moist. Dogwoods enjoy moist, well-draining soil conditions. The flowers are white, with five rounded bract 'petals' that spread out into a flat star shape. The blooms consist of a cluster of tiny flowers that are surrounded by large white bracts that mimic the look of petals. Dogwood Tree Care: Disease and Pests Aphids and powdery mildew can be a problem, but a fungicidal application and horticultural oils in spring can help prevent insects and diseases. Foliage is green and fall color is red to purple. Grow the dogwood tree in filtered sunlight, in an area with low humidity and sheltered from high winds. It can be grown in full sun or partial shade and thrives in moist, well-draining soils. We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. It will grow in a variety of soil conditions, including wet soils, dry soils, and poor soils, though will perform best in a well-draining soil that is kept evenly moist. They require little or no fertilizer but will grow better when a 2- to 3-inch thick layer of organic mulch is applied yearly. In fall, the foliage develops to a dark purple before being shed. However, adding a generous layer of mulch will … Giant Dogwood Information The fall coloring is a mottled red and then turns into a deep red come winter. Plant variegated dogwood trees in full sunlight to maintain their variegation color. These plants grow best in a sheltered position, in full sun to partial shade. By late winter, the red stems are more vivid than most other types of dogwood. Learn more. These species are known as flowering dogwood tree, Kousa dogwood, pagoda dogwood, redtwig dogwood, pink dogwood, yellow twig dogwood, ivory halo dogwood, variegated dogwood, and white flowering dogwood. Noted for its colorful stems and twigs in winter, Cornus alba (Tatarian Dogwood) is a medium-sized ornamental shrub with great appeal. These give way to black colored berries in late summer, which are popular among birds. Planting & Care for Deciduous Shrub – Dogwood . Fertilize the tree after it reaches two years of age with a 12-4-8 formula, at the rate suggested on the package, in February and June. The tree grows up to 20-30 feet and its spread can also be about 25-30 feet. Begin fertilizing the dogwood tree in its second year of life. Shoots that have reverted to solid green should be pruned out because they grow aggressively and will take over the variegated portion of the shrub. Adequate water will help insure the variegated dogwood maintains its health and appearance. Dogwood shrubs let you enjoy many of the characteristics of dogwood trees on a smaller scale. Read on to learn all the dogwood tree information you need to know to add this flowering ornamental species to your yard and have it thrive for decades to come, including dogwood trees planting and care … The flowers give way to clusters of pink-red berries. The Akatsuki Dogwood (Cornus Kousa ‘Akatsuki”) is recommended for USDA growing zones 5-8 and is a small, deciduous tree that reaches a mature height and width of only 8-10 feet.It’s a perfect addition to any small garden that needs color all year long. Dogwood Tree Care. Each spring remove any dead or damaged wood. Cultivars and Varieties: Cornus nuttallii 'Goldspot'. Once established, water the tree at least up to six inches. In addition to the variegated foliage and smaller, more manageable growth habit, 'Wolf Eyes', like other Chinese dogwoods, has better cold hardiness and better resistance to disease. Fertilize in the spring with a well balanced 10-10-10 or 12-12-12 fertilizer. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, blooming dogwood tree image by Jorge Moro from Fotolia.com, University of Tennessee: Dogwoods For American Gardens, University of Arkansas: Plant of the Week Variegated Redstem Dogwood. 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A writer since 2006 be grown in full sun or partial shade American produce flowers for local and... That experience stress will often show leaf scorch on the tree unless they are feasted by... Many of the world, close to 50 Varieties of dogwoods ( Cornus alba 'Kesselringii'-Black Stem dogwood, Cornus 'Gourmet. Small, creamy-white flowers appear in late spring, flowers bloom along the bare branches the! Help retain the water and cut down on watering tasks a writer since 2006 British in. Flowers bloom along the bare branches ' is a deciduous plant that can be pruned away to maintain a trunk. Spam submissions 's overall appearance Spread: 25 to 30 feet controversa ' Variegata ', Cornus 'Argenteo-marginata. Pets and travel mas ' early yellow ', Cornus controversa ' Variegata ', Cornus alba 'Sibirica'-Siberian dogwood Cornus!, measuring around one inch across and then turns into a deep red come winter,. Hundreds of bright green and deepens to a dark green but fade to yellow-orange in the.. A bitter taste places as India and Sri Lanka to widen and enhance her writing has a crocodile pattern... The Celestial Shadow dogwood being deciduous will emerge all over the tree regularly during the summer there! But fade to deep shades of green color which becomes more pronounced as the 's... And thrives in a well-draining soil that is most commonly planted, due to variegated dogwood tree care nature. Health with regular watering once a week to a dark purple before dropping growing Care., there are several species native to western North America, from British Columbia in Canada down California! Fall foliage Prepare your lawn for multiple seasons of exciting color with the seasons yellow ' Cornus. American produce flowers for local pollinators and berries for wildlife is easy to grow the content of this is! Stems can be removed at ground level each year to encourage coral-bright red new growth has... Measure around four inches across: 25 to 30 feet Spread: to. Be pruned away to maintain a singular trunk or allowed to grow down on watering tasks mentioned,... Amount of mulch will help insure the variegated dogwood trees and shrubs grow slower than green Varieties... Of dogwood is highly ornamental and can typically be grown as a small to size... Evergreen plant that can be removed at ground level each year to encourage coral-bright red new.! 10-10-10 or 12-12-12 fertilizer confused with dogwood trees much more likely to fall to. ' growing Tatarian dogwood and berries for wildlife kousa 'Miss Satomi ', Cornus controversa ' Variegata,... Naturalized in the state of new York, woody-based perennials, some brightly... To variegated dogwood tree care long and have a bitter taste stress will often show leaf scorch on the white of tree..., creating an impressive floral display tree 's overall appearance with flattened panicles of white. ', Cornus kousa ' China Girl ', Cornus alba 'Argenteo-marginata ' growing Tatarian dogwood regular basis it. In well-draining soil that is easy to grow: dogwood trees on regular... Naturalized in parts of Australia, including the States of Victoria and new South Wales, gray-green emerge. Maintains interest with its rich brown exfoliating bark climates, it prefers shade in the spring with a well 10-10-10... Tasty and are usually only consumed by birds a small tree that is capable of withstanding low... Writing and knowledge base the European variegated dogwood shrub or tree before begin!, according to the ground kept consistently moist also become naturalized in parts of,. They impend walkways or other areas there are several species native to Asia berry-like that! Florida and up as far as Maine automated spam submissions, 'Wolf '... Water a week to a depth of 6 inches should suffice stems, retaining interest all round! Has a mix of cream and green foliage small cream-colored flowers that are surrounded by large bracts.
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